All flowers were found in Alum Creek State Park in a trail near the marina – wet/swampy yet in a forest

Flower #1

Dame

and her buds 🙂

It is on page 138 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers

Common name   Dame’s Rocket or Dame’s violet      Scientific name: Hesperis matronalis

Corolla:  number of petals 4  separate

Calyx:    number of sepals separate

Adroecium: number of stamens separate, fused or arranged in any special way? separate and arranged 3 on one side and 3 on the other

Gynoecium type: syncarpous (and # of carpels = 2)
How can you tell?  There were two lobes at the top of the stigma

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous

Flower symmetry: Actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: The flower was bright in color (purple/pink) – read flashy – and was in abundance at the highest point of the plant.

Flower #2

Not your average Daisy

It is on page  382 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers

Common name Common Fleabane Scientific name: Erigeron annuus

Corolla:  number of petals Alot (100+) fused

Calyx:    number of sepals a good amount (~20) fused

Adroecium: number of stamens alot (100+) separate, fused or arranged in any special way?  Fused

Gynoecium type: Apocarpous (and # of carpels =a lot)
How can you tell? There are numerous carpels.

Flower type/ovary position: Perigynous 

Flower symmetry: Actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: This flower plays the numbers game and has ALOT of all it components. When I pulled on the center, there were fluffy? tips which could aid in the distribution of pollen through the wind.

Flower #3

 

It is on page 294 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers

Common name Amur Honeysuckle  Scientific name: Lonicera maackii

Corolla:  number of petals 5 fused

Calyx:    number of sepals 5 fused

Adroecium: number of stamens separate, fused or arranged in any special way?  Separate, long and protruding

Gynoecium type: Unicarpellate(and # of carpels =1)
How can you tell? There is one protruding green stigma present.

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous

Flower symmetry: Zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features:  Compared to other huneysuckles, it has a short pedicel

Flower #4

Maybe the “Wild Purple Phlox” was taken

It is on page 248 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers

Common name Wild Blue Phlox Scientific name: Phlox divaricata

Corolla:  number of petals  fused

Calyx:    number of sepals 5 fused

Adroecium: number of stamens 5 separate, fused or arranged in any special way?  Separate

Gynoecium type: syncarpous (and # of carpels =1)
How can you tell?  Very small ovary chambers

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: The petal looks like a heart at the end.

Flower #5

Woah look at that leaf size!

It is on page 346 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers

Common name False Solomon’s Seal Scientific name: Smilacina racemosum

Corolla:  number of petals 6, separate

Calyx:    number of sepals 6, separate

Actually there are 6 “tepals” which are petals and sepals that are indistinguishable to each other

Adroecium: number of stamens 6 separate, fused or arranged in any special way? separate

Gynoecium type: Syncarpous (and # of carpels = 2 or 3)
How can you tell?  Not too many to count but more than a single carpel

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous

Flower symmetry: Actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: Petals are lobed and not flat nor broad like an actual petal.

Flower #6

It is on page 280 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers

Common name Wild Geranium Scientific name: Geranium maculatum

Corolla:  number of petals 5, separate

Calyx:    number of sepals 5, separate

Adroecium: number of stamens 10 separate, fused or arranged in any special way? Separate , lined up with petals and sepals.

Gynoecium type: Syncarpous (and # of carpels =5)
How can you tell?  There seems to be 5 carpels fused together where each contain a seed.

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous

Flower symmetry: Actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: Basal leaves are palmately lobed.

Flower #7

It is on page 86 in Newcomb’s Wildflowers

Common name Ground Ivy / Gill-over-the-ground Scientific name: Glechoma herderacea

Corolla:  number of petals 5, separate

Calyx:    number of sepals 5, fused

Adroecium: number of stamens 4 separate, fused or arranged in any special way?  There are two long stamens and two short ones.

Gynoecium type: Unicarpellate (and # of carpels =1)
How can you tell?  One stigma lobe

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous

Flower symmetry: Zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features: Leaves are heart-shaped and serrated. Flowers are purple with splashes of dark purple.

Flower #8

Those sepals fooled me as petals!

Common name Russian-olive Scientific name: Elaeagnus angustifolia

Corolla:  number of petals 0

Calyx:    number of sepals 4, separate (fused at base)

Adroecium: number of stamens 4 separate, fused or arranged in any special way? Separate

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, (and # of carpels =1)
Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous

Flower symmetry: Actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: Flower is long a tubular.